Belgian legislative framework

For packaging, the 3 regions of Belgium concluded a Cooperation Agreement which is maintained by the Interregional Packaging Commission. This Cooperation Agreement is the Belgian response to European Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste.



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The Cooperation Agreement is the Belgian interregional framework for the transposition of European Directive 94/62/EC.

The first version dates from 1997 and determines:

  • Who are the “parties responsible for packaging”
  • What their obligations are

It also determines the recycling rates to be achieved.
Cooperation Agreement

Cooperation Interregional

The Interregional Packaging Commission is responsible for the enforcement of the Cooperation Agreement.

The new version of the Cooperation Agreement has been in force since 5 March 2020.

This new version transposes European Directives 2015/720 and 2018/851 amending Directive 94/62/EC.

The emphasis is on reusable packaging, recycling and increasing recycled content in packaging.

Recycling rates are being increased. These rates are calculated in accordance with the European procedures.

Interregional Packaging Commission

Emballage Interregionale
Material Current target (Belgium) 2025 target (Europe) 2030 target (Europe)
Paper/cardboard 90% 75% 85%
Ferrous metals 90% 70% 80%
Plastic 55% / 65%*  50% 55%
Wood 80% 25% 30%
Glass 90% 70% 75%
Aluminium 75% 50% 60%
All packaging 65% 70%

* For household plastic packaging, the rates must be 65% in 2023 and 70% in 2030.

* For commercial and industrial plastic packaging, the rates must be 65% in 2030.

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